Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service
מרצה Title תקציר סידרה
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #18: Loving God (VIII): I Was Asleep, But My Heart Was Awake (Part 2) In this shiur, we continue our study of Shir Ha-Shirim as a parable for the love of God. We will focus on the image of "I am asleep, but my heart is awake," analyzing how this reflects the souls longing for God. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #27: Torah Study (1) Torah study allows us to know God. But before exploring this topic, we must examine the general mitzva of serving God, and especially the need to serve God with intention in every action. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #28: Torah Study (2) This shiur examines the parallels between Torah study and prayer. Both place man before God, both are referred to as "service," and both are substitutes for the Temple service. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #29: Torah Study (3) The mitzva of Torah study includes learning Torah and teaching it to one's sons/students. Anyone who studies Torah is part of an uninterrupted chain of tradition. This is why the blessings recited over the Torah focus on the relationship between the people of Israel and God. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #30: Torah Study (4) Moshe and the Development of the Oral Law Continuing last class, we will discuss the sequence of the Oral Tradition. What is the relationship between the Torah as Moshe received it, and the Oral Torah founded by Rabbi Akiva and his students? We will discuss these questions in light of the study of the Midrash about Moshe's visit to the Bet Midrash of Rabbi Akiva. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #31: Torah Study (5) "The Day That You Stood Before The Lord Your God In Chorev” We are commanded to remember and to pass on the story of Har Sinai and God's appearance there. How can a generation who was not present at Har Sinai remember and pass on a memory of something they did not witness themselves? We will attempt to explain this mitzva according to the two goals of the Har Sinai experience - intellectual study and passing on the spiritual experience. In order to deepen this point, in this shiur we will delve into the mitzva of Hakhel, which presents this duality. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur 32: Torah Study (6) "The Day That You Stood Before The Lord Your God in Chorev" (Part II) In the previous shiur we discussed the mitzva of Hakhel as the mitzva which perpetuates the assembly at Mount Sinai. In this shiur we will discuss the other mitzva in this category - the reading of the Torah. Although the reading of the Torah is intended to teach us the mitzvot, it is also an everyday reminder of the assembly at Mount Sinai. As will be developed in the class, there is a strong connection between the reading of the Torah to the mitzva of Hakhel, as well as between the cycle of Torah learning and the agricultural cycle. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #33: Torah Study (7) Torah Study and Derekh Eretz (Part I) In the Gemara in Berakhot, Rabbi Yishmael and Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai have different approaches to the relationship between Torah and a worldly occupation. Rabbi Yishmael says that everything should be done in its proper time, while Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai says that one must study Torah and the work will get done itself. In this shiur we will discuss these contradictions and the different explanations that have been offered, among them the Keren Or's opinion about different groups in the nation of Israel. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #34: Torah Study (8) Torah Study and Derekh Eretz (Part II) Continuing last shiur, this shiur will discuss the disagreement between Rabbi Yishmael and Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai about combining Torah study with a worldly occupation. We will raise a number of approaches to combining between the two, through different explanations of the Rishonim. Should non-Torah matters be kept to the bare minimum, or is there room to engage in other matters even if this comes instead of learning Torah? Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #35: Torah Study (9) Torah Study and Derekh Eretz (Part III) In the previous shiurim, we discussed the opinions of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai and Rabbi Yishmael about the relationship between learning Torah and engaging in a worldly occupation, and the different ways to explain their opinions. In this shiur we will look at Rabbi Moshe Feinstein's opinion, which emphasizes that it is allowed to engage in more than just the bare minimum of matters of this world. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #36: Torah Study (10) The Crown of Torah According to our Rabbis, there are three crowns which can rest upon the nation of Israel - the crown of royalty, the crown of priesthood and the crown of Torah. In this shiur we will deepen our understanding of the idea of the crown, we will explore the roles of the king and the priest, and we will see how the crown of Torah is greater than the other two crowns. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #39: Torah Study (12) Great is the Study of Torah (Part II) Continuing last shiur, in this shiur we will continue to discuss the relationship between Torah study and fulfillment of the mitzvot. We will see how study impacts the character and quality of the action. In addition, we will explain the disagreement about whether Torah study or fulfillment of the mitzvot is primary by discussing what type of relationship between the two we are seeking: does the study improve the practice, or does the study draw its strength from the practice. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #40: Torah Study for its Own Sake In this shiur we will begin discussing the matter of Torah for its own sake, with the Rishonim who explain that it is for the sake of fulfilling it. It seems that there are some Rishonim who judge the learning according to how it is put into practice. Also, from the words of the Tosafot, it seems that there is also a spiritual side to studying Torah for its own sake, which indirectly affects the practical fulfillment of mitzvot. The implication of this is the demand to study a range of topics, not only topics which can be implemented in practice. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #41: Torah Study for its Own Sake (Part II) We will discuss the Rambam's view about the importance of studying Torah from love. Additionally, we will analyze Rabbi Chayyim of Volozhin's opinion of Torah study for its own sake - for the sake of the Torah. Does the author of the "Nefesh Ha-Chayyim" eliminate the idea of closeness to God from Torah study? Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #42: The Written Law and the Oral Law What is the Oral Law? We will look at the two types of the Oral Law according to the Rambam, at the Ramchal's approach about the connection between the Oral Law and the Written Law, and we will try to understand why, according to Rabbi Yochanan, "God made a covenant with Israel only for the sake of that which was transmitted orally." Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #43: Know the God of Your Father – Between Knowledge and Love Part 1 In this shiur, we will begin our discussion of the practical actions involved in the service of God, on the basis of our knowledge of Him, following the order set by the Rambam in his Mishneh Torah. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #55: The Mitzva of Tzitzit (Part III) In this shiur, we will discuss hos the third paragraph of Shema fits in to the themes of Shema, and we will consider the difference between a "tefillin"-Jew and a "tztzit" - Jew. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #57: Concluding Shiur In the concluding shiur of this series, we will summarize what we have learned about the role of the servant of God, as well as his approach to his daily service. Avodat Hashem - Foundations of Divine Service (2)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #01: Keriat Shema (I): The Fundamental Obligation and its Source In this introductory lecture, we will study the obligation of Keriat Shema. We will analyze the gemarot that discuss the source of this obligation and attempt to understand the reason behind the differences of opinion on the matter. We will further analyze the passage's reference to "these words," which must constantly be remembered. What are "these words" and why are they so important? Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #02: Keriat Shema (II): The Fundamental Obligation and its Source In this shiur, we continue our discussion of keriat Shema, focusing on the instruction to recite "these words" when "you lie down and when you get up." How should the latter phrase be interpreted according to the different views regarding the status of the mitzva ofkeriat Shema? What are "these words" that one is supposed to constantly remember? Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #03: Keriat Shema (III): “And What Does One Recite?” The Sections of the Shema That One Must Recite and Their Connection to the Biblical Texts In our previous shiurim, we have discussed the status of the mitzva of keriat shema. The mitzva of keriat Shema is, in the most basic sense, an obligation to recite verses from the Torah twice daily. The Sages were given the freedom to establish which particular passages should be recited, based on various considerations. We will discuss some of the options mentioned in the Talmud. Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #04: Keriat Shema (IV): “And What Does One Recite?” Rambam's Position In this shiur, we will analyze the Rambam's position regarding the status of the obligation to recite the different component passages of kriat Shema. We will discover that there are many possible interpretations of the Rambam's position, and we will examine the varying opinions on the matter. Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #05: Keriat Shema (V): Accepting the Yoke of God’s Kingship and the Third Passage of the Shema In this shiur, we continue our study of the keriat Shema by focusing on the role and place of the third passage, which focuses on the mitzva of tzitzit. We will analyze Rambam's view in this regard, and we will discuss the additional component that is present in this passage - the remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt. How do the themes of tzitzit and remembering the Exodus relate the goal of keriat Shema, the acceptance of the yoke of God's kingship? Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)
Harav Baruch Gigi Keriat Shema (VI): The Aspect of Torah Study Within Keriat Shema In our previous shiur, we noted that R. Shimon bar Yochai viewed the keriat Shema as a fulfillment of the mitzva of Torah study. In this shiur, we will study a number of halakhot that reflect this position. We will discover that the main purpose of the mitzva of Torah study is to help forge an intimate connection between man and his Creator, and the keriat Shema serves to prepare the ordinary man for that encounter. Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)
Harav Baruch Gigi Shiur #07: Keriat Shema (VII): The Structure of Keriat Shema and the Mitzva of Recognizing the Oneness of God In this shiur, we will study the opening and closing verses of the keriat Shema. These verses are statements of faith, respectively, in God as Creator and in divine providence. As we will see, these beliefs are intrinsically connected to one another. The purpose of the morning and evening keriat Shema is to create a framework of faith around a person's day. Avodat Hashem – Foundations of Divine Service (1)

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