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Amos and Hoshea
Teacher Title Abstract Course
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #01: Introduction to the Prophets In this introductory shiur, we explore eight models of prophecy, from Adam to Malakhi, in order to understand where Amos and Hoshea fit in. Why does God speak to human beings, and what does He expect of them? The answer is complex and varied, spread over millennia of biblical experiences of the Divine. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #02: The Prophecies of Amos: Introduction This chapter will present the historic background of Amos’s prophecies, along with a brief biographic sketch of the prophet. We will then look at the opening lines of his prophecy and assay its role within his oratory. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #03: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations The introductory prophecies of Amos are striking, as they detail the sins of seven of the Northern Kingdom of Israel's neighbors (including Judea) and the punishment awaiting them. In this shiur, we ask whether God sends prophets to the nations of the world and where Yona fits into this picture. Amos, Yona, Shomeron, Tzor, Peleshet, prophetic fiction Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #04 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (Cont.) In this shiur, we analyze the opening of the prophecy of Amos. What is the significance of the phrase "Thus says the Lord," and why does it fall into disuse? And how many sins is God willing to forgive before He punishes the offending nation? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #05 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) In this shiur, we compare and contrast the first seven oracles of Amos. What do they share, and how do they differ? The answers tell us a great deal about the prophet's message to Shomeron. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #06: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) As we turn to the first of Amos's oracles, we consider two compelling issues: 1) What type of sin is described by the term pesha? 2) Why is Aram the first target of God's wrath? The ancient connection between Aramea and Israel will inform our in-depth discussion. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #07: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) In this shiur, we turn our attention to the first two oracles of Amos, against Philistia and Phoenicia. What do these nations have in common, and why are they subject to God's wrath? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #08: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) The oracle of Amos to Edom is remarkable in its focus upon the nation's fraternal relationship with the Jewish people. We will examine how the Ya'akov/ Eisav struggle is expressed a millennium later in the clash between Yisrael and Edom. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #09 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) This week we will examine twin oracles from Amos: those of Ammon and Moav. What is their family history with Israel, and what is its significance for divine retribution? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #10: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) As we prepare to consider the final oracle of Amos, against Israel, we take a moment to consider the structure of the preceding oracles. Where does the indictment of Yehuda fit in, and how can the theory of chiasmus help us understand biblical passages? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #11 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) Having considered the seven oracles with which Amos opens his book, we now turn to the rousing conclusion: the oracle against Samaria. What does its structure mean, and how does the seer from Tekoa once again shock his audience? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #12: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) As we consider the oracle of Amos against Israel, we puzzle over the first charge of the indictment: selling the innocent for silver and the poor for shoes. What crime does this refer to, what is its meaning in the Ancient Near East, and why does the Midrash associate it with the sale of Yosef? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #13: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles against the Nations (continued) As we examine the final charges of the indictment against the Northern Kingdom of Israel, we consider the unique language Amos employs. Is idolatry, incest or injustice at the core of Samaria's crimes? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #14: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) The oracle against Israel contains a unique element, recounting the many kindnesses of God. What does this phenomenon mean, and how can understanding biblical Hebrew reveal the subtleties of Amos's language? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #15: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) Amos in his oracle to Israel refers to the Amorites as trees. What is the significance of this simile? Why is this people, among the seven nations of Canaan, singled out? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #16: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) When Amos invokes the Exodus and Wilderness narratives, what does he have in mind? Which other Later Prophets invoke these powerful historical events, and for what purposes? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #17: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) What role does the Exodus play for the Latter Prophets? Why is it so rarely invoked in the waning days of the First Temple, and what can this tell us about Amos's use of it in the oracle against the Northern Kingdom of Israel? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #18: The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) As we continue to look at the hymn of praise in the oracle against Israel, we wonder: What does this tell us about the purpose of the Exodus? When does the Exodus from Egypt reach its conclusion? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #19 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) In this shiur, we examine a single verse from Amos's oracle to Israel, which talks about the nevi'im and nezirim God raised up. Who are these prophets and Nazirites, and what is the role of each in a Jewish society? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #20 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) Before Amos launches into the devastating punishment awaiting the Kingdom of Israel, we find a verse of ambiguous meaning. In this shiur, we strive to understand if the prophet is meant as reprise or foreshadowing--or perhaps both! Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #21 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) Summary: After criticizing six foreign nations and Judea, Amos declares his oracle about Israel. What form does the punishment take, and why? Moreover, what is the significance of the unique simile used by the prophet to describe God's attitude towards his people? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #22 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) In this shiur, we consider the nature of the oracle against Israel. Why does the prophet describe a battlefield without mentioning an enemy? We consider three possible explanations. Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #23 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (continued) How are we to understand the septad of military incompetence at the end of Amos 2? What is chiastic structure in Tanakh, and how can it help us feel the impact of this prophecy? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)
Rav Yitzchak Etshalom Shiur #24 The Prophecies of Amos: Oracles Against the Nations (conclusion) In the final shiur of the year, we conclude our survey of Amos's oracles against the nations. Does this represent the first act of Amos's prophetic career? If not, why does this series open the book? Amos and Hoshea: Before the Earthquake (2)